Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland, situated in Lothian on the southern shore of the Firth of Forth. It is the second most populous city in Scotland and the seventh most populous in the United Kingdom. From the atmospheric cobbled streets of the Old Town to the beautiful Georgian avenues of the New Town, Edinburgh is a city of contrasts blending shopping, historic attractions, gardens and plenty of restaurants and cafes where you can relax.
Edinburgh boasts a rich and intriguing history, which can be uncovered as you explore the city. Atmospheric cobbled streets, wonderful architecture, old closes and wide avenues allow you to imagine yourself transported back in time.
With over 4,500 listed buildings, Edinburgh is world-renowned for its rich architectural heritage. The two main areas of particular interest in this historic city are the Old Town, which includes the medieval fortress of Edinburgh Castle, and the neoclassical New Town, which dates back to the 18th century. The juxtaposition of medieval architecture with neoclassical terraces gives Edinburgh its own unique character. Together, the Old and New Towns were listed as a World Heritage Site in 1995, a status that will conserve Edinburgh’s magnificent architecture for future generations to enjoy.
Explore the city of Edinburgh and uncover gems such as the Royal Botanic Garden. The Royal Botanic Garden has delighted both plant-lovers and casual strollers for almost two centuries. Edinburgh's most peaceful tourist attraction, it's also a noted centre for botanical and horticultural research, and houses the oldest botanical library in Britain. Access to its grand Victorian palm house is free, although it costs to delve deeper into the themed zones of the '60s-era glasshouses.
Still, it's worth the modest fee for the privilege of viewing all kinds of orchids, ferns, tropical plant life, rainforest species and other bits and pieces. The Plants & People glasshouse, for example, shows off rice, sugar and cocoa as vegetation; the pond in the middle is covered with freakishly large water lily leaves every summer.